[R-0133] S8. Ethical Practice

Citation: YSERVIDEOS. (2013, September 1). The IDEA’s special education categories: Specific Learning Disability [Video file]. Retrieved from YSERVIDEOS [or type “IDEA’s special education categories: Specific Learning Disability” in your search window]

Abstract: The two narrators of this 3:17 minute video not only review the federal definition of “Specific Learning Disability” but also explain that states may add to or alter IDEA category areas and definitions as long as they don’t take away a child’s right to receive services under the federal criteria. The narrators state that once a child is found eligible for services, the category doesn’t matter as much as the child receiving services that meet his or her unique needs. The eligibility category is not supposed to drive the program. So, for instance, a child does not have to be identified and placed under the category of Speech or Language Impairment to receive speech services.

Integration: Scholars will learn that “specific learning disability” means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. “Specific learning disability” does not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.

Content Focus: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA); Specific Learning Disability; Early Childhood Administration

Notes: Have scholars find, document, and learn the definition of specific learning disability and other special education categories in their state.